One of the things you have to consider as part of the Education module in AS Sociology is the extent to which material deprivation is responsible for differential educational achievement (mainly) by social class. This concept is also relevant to the A2 crime module, and one of the most important in Sociology in general.
Material deprivation* refers to the inability to afford basic resources and services such as sufficient food and heating. The government’s material deprivation rate measures the proportion of the population that cannot afford at least four of the following items:
- To pay their rent, mortgage, utility bills or loan repayments,
- To keep their home adequately warm,
- To face unexpected financial expenses,
- To eat meat or protein regularly,
- To go on holiday for a week once a year,
- A television set,
- A washing machine,
- A car,
- A telephone.
As can be seen from the statistics below, the number of people suffering from ‘severe’ material deprivation has remained stable in recent years, but the numbers of people struggling to pay for holidays and meet emergency expenses has increased.
I thought it might be interesting to see the extent of material deprivation among students/ readers (NB this is just a test poll for now!)
Something Extra… *A fuller definition is provided by the The OECD which defines Material deprivation as ‘the inability for individuals or households to afford those consumption goods and activities that are typical in a society at a given point in time, irrespective of people’s preferences with respect to these items.’ It’s work noting at this point that this is a relative rather than an absolute measurement of poverty.